Drawing your readers with pace and character

It seems to me that the most important thing about a story is the least visible – the structure. A well-written story should draw the reader along invisibly – pulling them into the tale without obvious device or technique.

Of course, it IS done through device and technique – just not overtly. One of the ways this is done is through proper pacing; a rise and fall of tension, in systematic waves, building finally to an explosive denouement that resolves the diverse plot threads of the tale. This means putting the major excitement at the end – and avoiding the temptation to build up to it via a succession of melodramatic ‘Perils of Penelope’.

Probably Bert and Tom, I think. Two of the three 'life size' trolls. Cool.

Bert and Tom from ‘The Hobbit’. Spotted by me in central Wellington rather than Trollshaws. Cool.

The trick is to build the story through the way characters systematically react to events – to show how their character develops as a consequence of the narrative experiences. One of my favourite stories, J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, is a model of how to do it – partly because Tolkien takes Bilbo on the classic ‘hero journey’ of self-discovery. The major battle, at the very end, resolves all the loose ends of the narrative plot and simultaneously completes Bilbo’s character evolution. From the narrative sense, the return journey to Hobbiton can be dealt with in just a few pages even though it’s as long as the journey out, because it’s not important to the key story.

A less experienced writer might be tempted to narrate the return journey as well – and, indeed, Tolkien did in an early casting of the plot, envisaging the Battle of Five Armies near the Misty Mountains as Bilbo returned with the treasure. But it would have been a less compelling story, structurally – and he then decided to go with the more integrated tale we know and love.

Another of my favourites is Jack Kerouac’s On The Road. Every ‘road trip’ Kerouac’s hero (and alter-ego) Sal Paradise takes is a further step towards resolving why Paradise has to be on the road at all – his quest for self-discovery, all at helter-skelter pace, building to the final journey in which all the experiences he was seeking come together in a final outburst of hedonism.

Both these books – and, of course, many other classics we know and love – offer models of how it’s done. Lessons we can draw from today.

Copyright © Matthew Wright 2013

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3 comments on “Drawing your readers with pace and character

  1. KM Huber says:

    Excellent and not typical examples, and both are favorites of mine as well. Pacing is everything in any piece of writing, I suspect, as the writer knows that a reader can stop at any word so for me, word choice is key to illustrating the pace. As you say, a systematic development for characters or events is what allows a story to unfold as opposed to being told. Pace provides the richer experience. Once again, Matthew, a cogent piece of writing on writing. Thanks!
    Karen

    • Thank you! It’s interesting to see how different authors tackle this one. Tolkien did it by iterations – I’ve recently read the two-volume discussion of how he wrote ‘The Hobbit’, with outlines of his various forays into plotting. It was a learning curve for him even though he was coming from a background of epic literature, partly because that form didn’t quite meet the structure of the twentieth century novel.

      To my chagrin, I must have read ‘The Hobbit’ about 20 times before I realised it was the Hero Journey…I still have the copy given me as a birthday present in 1973.

  2. I agree. A well crafted story is like a well built house. You can’t see the beams, but without them, the house will crumble.

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